CREATE AGENDA, THURSDAY, 1/18, AT 6 PM, BLUE SCORCHER, ASTORIA

Meet and Greet

Opening Remarks/Introductions

Dan Serres – Fossil Fuel Updates:
Oil – Thank you to Port, City of Astoria
Coal
Methanol

Offshore Drilling:
CREATE-ors willing to attend February 6 public meeting in Salem

LNG Update:
Pacific Connector

Oregon Legislature:
Oil Train Bill
Clean Energy Jobs
Rep. Boone retiring

Discussion – What else should we be watching in 2018?

Carolyn Eady – 15 minute discussion regarding OREGON COASTAL COMMUNITIES ALLIANCE

Commentary/Announcements

Meeting Close

HOPE TO SEE YOU THERE!!
KATHLEEN ZUNKEL

CREATe Endorses Clean Energy Jobs Bill

The Columbia River Estuary Action Team endorses Oregon Senate Bill 1070, known as the Clean Energy Jobs bill.

CREATe’s mission is to protect the health of the rich and productive Columbia River Estuary, the life it supports and the many livelihoods that depend upon it.

Senate Bill 1070 is an opportunity for Oregon legislators to take significant action in slowing climate change and speeding the transition to clean energy and greater energy efficiency, at the same time boosting local economies.

The health of the Estuary and the Lower Columbia River is showing evidence of damage from increasing water temperatures. The survival rate of juvenile Salmon in the transition from Fry to Smoot is disturbingly low. Meanwhile, proposals for gigantic, foreign-backed fossil fuel facilities upriver pose the danger of catastrophic damage to the Estuary, its environment and its economy.

In brief, the Clean Energy Jobs Bill would:
* Create a limit, or cap, on Oregon’s climate pollution that lowers each year;
* Set a price on each ton of climate pollution emitted by large utilities, fossil fuel companies, and the other biggest sources of pollution (those who emit 25,000 tons or more per year, the equivalent of burning 133 rail cars of coal);
* Reinvest the proceeds in clean energy solutions – like solar and wind power, energy efficient homes and businesses, public transit, electric vehicles, and healthier communities. The bill prioritizes investment in communities hit first and worst by climate change.

CREATe believes the principles of Senate Bill 1070 reflect the values of the majority of Oregon citizens and present an opportunity for the state to take a major step toward health and sustainability for future generations.

At its regular meeting on November 16, 2017, the members of CREATe resolved to endorse the Clean Energy Jobs Bill and urge it’s adoption in the 2018 legislative session.

Respectfully submitted by:
Roger Rocka
CREATe Co-Facilitator

Need for stronger forest law

Did you know that when a forest is clearcut we lose topsoil that took thousands of years to accumulate? And that it washes into our streams and then has to be treated and filtered out of our drinking water? That’s just one part of what’s wrong with current forest practices in Oregon.

The CREATe-ors at last night’s meeting wished the two videos we watched could be seen by everyone in Oregon. Below are links where you can view those videos. Watch them yourself and pass along the links to others.

This is Our Watershed
https://healthywatershed.org/
or

Behind the Emerald Curtain
http://pacificrivers.org/
or

Change can come through strengthening the relatively weak Oregon Forest Practices Act. It was urged that we attend meetings of the Board of Forestry whenever possible.

Oregon Board of Forestry meeting schedule
http://www.oregon.gov/ODF/Board/Documents/BOF/Board%20Meeting%20Dates/2018_Board_Meetings_Draft.pdf
Contact info:
Board S​upport Office
2600 State Street
Salem, OR 97310
Phone: 503-945-7210​
Email: BoardofForestry@oregon.gov​

Please note: The December CREATe meeting would fall right before Christmas. Many of our members will be busy and/or traveling so we’re going to skip it. We’ll meet again on Thursday, January 18 at 6pm at the Blue Scorcher. Happy Whatever-You-Celebrate!

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Agenda, 11/16/17

Columbia River Estuary Action Team (CREATe)
Agenda for Thursday, Nov. 16, 2017
6pm, Blue Scorcher Bakery and Cafe
AGENDA
6:00pm – Arrive, chat, mosey around, get coffee, settle in, be ready for:
6:10pm –  Report from Dan Serres via carrier pigeon or Skype
( Dan will be working at a Jordan Cove educational event in Portland)
6:20pm – Mike Cook requesting CREATe endorsement of the Clean Energy Jobs Bill     (info attached)
6:40pm –  Report from the Forest Interest Group
6:45pm –  Guest Speaker:  Presentation and documentary (“Behind the Emerald Curtain”) from Nancy Webster of Rockaway Beach Citizens for Watershed Protection
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GOOD NEWS
From Jasmine Zimmer-Stucky and Regna Merritt, Co-Directors of the Power Past Coal coalition:
Today, 11/14, the proposed Millennium coal export terminal was delivered another major roadblock. The Cowlitz County Hearing Examiner denied two shoreline use permits for the proposed Millennium coal export terminal for failing to meet the requirements of the Shoreline Management Act.  This decision marks the fourth independent denial of project permits. Without these permits, Millennium cannot go forward.
UPCOMING EVENTS
JORDAN COVE
From Rogue Riverkeeper – Make a call – On Wednesday, November 15, call Governor Brown and leave her a message asking her to stop the fracked gas project in Oregon. Here’s a script with example talking points, a form for you to track your call, and a Facebook page to spread the word.
COLUMBIA RIVER ENVIRONMENT
Update session on developing the draft Environmental Impact Statement for Columbia River System Operations.
Thursday, December 7, Portland Convention Center
(info attached)
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Great news about the Millennium Coal monster

State Denies Key Water Quality Permit for Longview Coal Project
Largest coal export terminal in North America not moving forward

Longview, Washington – The Washington Department of Ecology denied a necessary water quality permit for the proposed Millennium Bulk Terminals coal export facility in Longview today, citing the project’s negative impacts on climate, clean air and water. Absent a successful legal challenge to the decision, the denial renders the project formally dead. The decision can be found here: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/sea/fed-permit/pdf/201001225WQC15417.pdf

If built, Millennium would have been the largest coal export facility in North America, sending up to 44 million tons of Powder River and Uinta Basin coal per year to Asian markets that are quickly turning away from coal-fired power. The state’s own analysis, found that the climate pollution from this project would be equivalent to adding 8 million cars to the road at a time when our changing climate is contributing to catastrophic forest fires and stronger hurricanes. Millennium would also add up to sixteen trains a day traveling between the Powder River Basin and Longview, tying up traffic and impacting public safety response times in rail communities across the Pacific Northwest and contributing to higher rates of cancer in low-income communities, including Longview’s Highlands neighborhood.

Ecology’s environmental review documented significant impacts that the project would have on water quality and habitat in the Columbia River, including:

Coal dust discharge from 75 acres of uncovered coal piles and mile-and-a-half long coal trains. Significant accumulations of coal dust were found as far as a half-mile away from the Roberts Bank coal export terminal in British Columbia. A growing body of evidence suggests coal dust impacts the ecological function of salmon and other aquatic species.

1,680 additional trips per year by large vessels in the environmentally sensitive Columbia River estuary, causing large wakes that disrupt juvenile endangered salmon species. Federal and state governments, as well as Tribes, have invested billions of dollars to restore the Columbia River estuary over the years.
The removal of more than 24 acres of ecologically vital wetlands, to be permanently filled to construct rail lines.

The potential of coal train spills near or into the Columbia. Just last month a coal train derailed in Noxon, Montana, spilling 30 cars worth of coal near the Clark Fork River, which has overcome decades of mining pollution. To date, none of the responsible parties have fully cleaned up the coal.

CREATE AGENDA

CREATE AGENDA
Thursday, August 17
6pm to 8pm, Blue Scorcher

1. Jordan Cove LNG – It’s time they stopped passing gas  (Dan)

2. Last Tesoro hearing – The Washington Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council (EFSEC) will hold one final public hearing on Tuesday, August 22 in Vancouver.  Take action to oppose Tesoro’s water pollution permit  (Dan)

3. Port Westward rezone – What happened?  What comes next?  (Dan)

4.  Astoria resolution against upriver oil  (3 cheers)

5.  Tongue Point concerns  (Josie Peper and Frank Spence)

Josie wants to make sure Tongue Point never becomes a fossil fuel base and she has been discussing this with Frank

Frank:  No fuel terminals.  Hyat builds tugs and barges, on land.  The remaining company WCT that is there now only repairs boats, on land in their hanger.  I’m forwarding a copy of your email to Jim Knight, the Executive Director, for his thoughts.  Believe me, we are as concerned about preserving our environment as much as you are, and we have DEQ and FEMA looking over our shoulder to make sure we comply.

Josie:  I guess my concern is not so much with the tug company, but with whatever may happen with the property down the road – people (and companies) can be bought, and if there are no conditions placed on the property, future tenants can do whatever they want and the port would have little, if anything, to say about it. 

6.  Love Your Columbia Day (Kathleen)

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/50797/blastContent.jsp?email_blast_KEY=1356866

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Other News:

*  Protest event in St. Helens to encourage Chase Bank (JP Morgan) to stop their funding of tar sands pipelines.  Wednesday, 23 August 2017 from 11:30 AM to 1:30 PM.  Chase Bank Branch at 1934 Columbia Blvd St. Helens.  Organizer:  Troy Horton, 503-755-0213.

https://www.summerofresistance.org/events/jpmorgan-defund-tar-sands-pipelines


* Antarctica – An Interesting Place but Why Should We Care? 

Presented by Dr. Scott Borg, Section Head – Antarctic Infrastructure and Logistics, Office of Polar Programs, Geosciences Directorate at the National Science Foundation.

Sunday, August 27 starts at 6:00 pm      FREE and OPEN TO THE PUBLIC
Astoria Senior Center 1111 Exchange Street 

Chock full o’ News

MEETING NOTICE
First, a reminder that this month’s CREATE meeting is coming up next week on Thursday, August 17.  As usual, we’ll gather at 6pm at the Blue Scorcher and be done by 8, at the latest.


 

RESOLUTION AGAINST OIL TERMINALS & TRAINS
There’s a lot of news right now, starting with last night’s action by the Astoria City Council to pass a resolution opposing oil terminals and oil trains on the Columbia River.  The action was spurred by the Columbia River Estuary Action Team and Columbia Riverkeeper.

Here’s a link to the story in The Daily Astorian.

Columbia Riverkeeper’s Brett VandenHeuvel had this response.
“Great work everyone!! This is awesome. As the first resolution passed downstream of the Tesoro proposal, this sends a strong message about the impacts of shipping oil.”

CREATE’s Kathleen Zunkel hailed the decision and all the people who worked to make it happen.
“Dear CREATE-ors:
If you ever wonder whether you are truly making a difference in this world please let last night’s success, the UNAMIMOUS adoption by Astoria City Council of the Resolution in Opposition to Proposed Oil Train Terminals in the Lower Columbia River, crafted by CREATE/Columbia Riverkeeper, encourage you to keep fighting and advocating on behalf of our beloved estuary.  There is still much to do, but it is amazing what we can accomplish when we work together with purpose.  Last night was yet another grassroots victory in a string of victories that further protects our environment and the Columbia River from becoming the fossil fuel highway WE DO NOT ENVISION!!”

And from Columbia Riverkeeper’s Dan Serres.
You are an amazing group of people, and you keep making a difference.
The Columbia River Estuary Action Team and Riverkeeper made a statement last night at the Astoria City Council meeting by packing the room and supporting City Council in unanimously passing a resolution to oppose the Tesoro Savage oil terminal.

Although the resolution changed from our original draft, the City made an unequivocal statement of opposition to new oil train terminals on the Columbia River, a huge threat to the Columbia River Estuary. This is a big deal. It’s at times hard for cities to find the time to reach beyond their boundaries and weigh in on issues that will nonetheless dramatically impact their future. You all made this happen!

IMG_3386
Just a few of the people who helped.

The final decision rests with Washington Governor Jay Inslee.  Several CREATE-ors have called his office and asked him to reject the Vancouver Tesoro Savage Oil Terminal and all other proposed fossil fuel infrastructure in the State of Washington.  Governor Inslee’s Office: (360) 902-4111


 

ROCKAWAY WATERSHED
The Rockaway Citizens for Watershed Protection are working hard to protect their watershed from further degredation by clearcutting and aerial spraying.  You can keep up with their activities here.


 

COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON
What can be done to restore wild salmon in the Columbia River?  The Idaho Statesman has published a two-part series that examines the situation and questions the need for the four lower Snake River dams.  The first story begins in Hammond here on the Oregon Coast.

Part One

Part Two


 

NO LNG AT JORDAN COVE
The folks in Coos Bay and southern Oregon continue their battle against LNG at Jordan Cove.  Today’s newsletter from Jody McCaffree is jammed with news and interesting links.

  • Multiple upcoming Jordan Cove hearings are in the process of being rescheduled.
  • Basic math shows proposed Jordan Cove LNG export project is not needed and could actually do harm.  ( See links to news stories below)

I do not understand how a businessman such as Trump is not able to do basic math skills. (?)  This seems to be an epidemic problem with the current members of Congress too and also with a lot of our local leaders.  No businessman in their right mind once they looked at the math on this and what has been going on in Australia would be pursuing the development of more greenfield LNG export projects.

The math is so simple that even a first grader could do it, but here we are with all these so called leaders willing to destroy America and American jobs and properties for the next gas and oil industry pipe dream boondoggle.  And all because they can’t do math.

WE THE PEOPLE really need to put our foot down and get rid of all these politicians that can’t do basic math before they legislate the destruction of everything that is dear to us.

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UPCOMING EVENTS / HEARINGS  

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August 9, 2017 Public Hearing on Pacific Connector Coos County Application request for extension of pipeline land use permit under AP-17-004  HAS BEEN RESCHEDULED to August 25th.  See more info below

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August 21, 2017: People across the United States will see the sun disappear behind the moon, turning daylight into twilight as a Total Solar Eclipsewill darken skies all the way from Oregon to South Carolina, along a stretch of land about 70 miles (113 kilometers) wide.  https://www.space.com/33797-total-solar-eclipse-2017-guide.html   I only wish that we were also experiencing a total eclipse of the Jordan Cove Project.

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Also on August 21, 20176:30 to 7:30 p.m.  Port of Coos Bay Commission meeting at Port meeting room at 125 West Central Ave, Suite 230, Coos Bay. http://www.portofcoosbay.com/  Look at how many people are now working at the Port: http://www.portofcoosbay.com/our-crew/

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August 24, 2017:  Oral Legal Argument before the Oregon Land Use Board of Appeals (LUBA) for case No. LUBA-2016-095 – Oregon Shores Conservation Coalition vs. Coos County in Salem, Oregon IS IN THE PROCESS OF BEING RESCHEDULED.  This is on the appeal of the Jordan Cove LNG terminal Coos County land use permit application HBCU-15-05. Oregon Shores Conservation Coalition is the Petitioner with Intervenor-Petitioners consisting of John Clarke, Deb Evans, Ron Schaaf, Rogue Climate, Hannah Sohl, Stacey McLaughlin, Jody McCaffree, and the Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians

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August 25, 2017:  1:30 p.m. Public Hearing on Pacific Connector Coos County Application request for extension of pipeline land use permit under AP-17-004 concerning Coos County application EXT-17-005.  Hearing will be held at the Owen Building Large Conference Room, 201 N. Adams, Coquille, OR  97423. The applicant Pacific Connector has requested approval for an extension of the development approval period for County File No. HBCU-10-01 (REM-11-01).  The conditional use application was approved for a natural gas pipeline and associated facilities on approximately 49.72 miles extending from Jordan Cove Energy Project’s LNG terminal upland from the Port’s Marine Terminal to the pipeline alignment segment in adjacent Douglas County.

* Stay tuned for more info coming soon concerning this Public Hearing

http://www.co.coos.or.us/Departments/Planning/PlanningDepartmentApplications-2017.aspx

AP-17-004 Citizens Against LNG (Appeal of EXT-17-005 PCGP)

EXT-17-005 PCGP

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IN THE NEWS  

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https://thinkprogress.org/republican-who-said-pipeline-activists-were-waging-jihad-confirmed-to-energy-agency/

Republican who said pipeline activists were waging ‘jihad’ confirmed to energy agency

With two confirmations, FERC finally has a quorum.

By Mark Hand

Aug 4, 2017,

NOTE: Earlier Senator Wyden had blasted the nominees (see link to news story below) but did little during the confirmation hearings

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http://theworldlink.com/news/local/business/wyden-blasts-ferc-nominees/article_a4eb3d13-86e5-5293-a626-083930cf2d52.html#tncms-source=infinity-scroll-summary-siderail-latest

Wyden blasts FERC nominees

Jun 7, 2017

WASHINGTON — U.S. Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., voted against President Donald Trump’s two nominee…

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NOTE: Below opponents win the right to another round.  Thank you Earthjustice!

http://theworldlink.com/news/local/state-supreme-court-to-hear-dredging-case/article_95c06f5e-410f-5d42-901d-e2a177d256a5.html

State Supreme Court to hear dredging case

Saphara Harrell The World  Aug 4, 2017

COOS BAY — Some environmental groups are trying to halt the deepening of the Port of Coos Bay.

Thursday, the Oregon Supreme Court agreed to review a petition from environmental groups challenging a Court of Appeals opinion, which upheld the Department of State Lands’ (DSL) decision to issue a permit crucial to the Jordan Cove LNG project as well as access for larger ships.

In 2011, the DSL authorized the Port of Coos Bay to dredge 1.75 million cubic yards to create a marine terminal.

Petitioners to that decision filed an appeal over concerns “that DSL had failed to grapple with the risks and harms to the aquatic environment from building and operating a major fossil fuel terminal in Coos Bay.” …

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NOTE: Meanwhile the Port of Coos Bay continues to pursue their proposed Channel Deepening and Widening project.  The fishing and shell fishing industries need to be paying attention before it’s too late! 

http://theworldlink.com/news/local/business/port-proposes-million-dredging-project/article_7110dbf3-febb-5bb4-8aae-ea5e173c5803.html#tncms-source=infinity-scroll-summary-siderail-latest

Port proposes $400 million dredging project

Spencer Cole The World  May 4, 2017

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https://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2017/07/31/BC-LNG-Fiasco/?utm_source=weekly&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=310717

How BC’s LNG Fiasco Went So Wrong

Government, cheerleaders were blind to market forces that doomed the pipe dream. Will NDP make the same mistake?

By Andrew Nikiforuk 31 Jul 2017 | TheTyee.ca

Andrew Nikiforuk is an award-winning journalist who has been writing about the energy industry for two decades and is a contributing editor to The Tyee

…“Whoever was doing the math didn’t have a clue,” says Finn.

The BC Liberal government also predicted the province would be reaping a revenue windfall after just five years of LNG operation.

Australia’s government promised the same reward. But record production of methane on that continent has generated skinny returns for the public and forced a public inquiry on the broken revenue promises.

….Finn suspects the Australian government probably won’t earn anything from LNG exports for the first 15 years of a terminal’s operation. B.C., if it had ever developed an LNG industry, would likely have been in the same dismal situation.

In fact a Bloomberg news report described Australia’s experience with LNG — another rush to export with no due diligence — as a total disaster. “Everyone’s a Loser in Australia’s LNG Boom,” a recent headline summarized…. [NOTE: link to article below]

Why can’t we be bold and export LNG like the Americans in the Gulf of Mexico, asked Deborah Yedlin in the Calgary Herald.

Yedlin didn’t mention that Houston’s Cheniere Energy, the first U.S. company to begin exporting LNG, reported losses of $610 million in 2016 following losses of nearly $1 billion in 2015. The firm also carries a long-term debt load of $24 billion and its share price is down 47 per cent from its 2015 high.

Finn figures the whole province is lucky that global LNG prices killed the desperate scheme and spared B.C. a disastrous Australian LNG experience.

Australia’s so-called LNG boom delivered dramatic energy shortages, wild political volatility, a revenue bust and huge ecological costs for farmland and groundwater….

NOTE: Entire article above well worth the read.  Article referenced in the news story above can be linked below:

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https://www.bloomberg.com/gadfly/articles/2017-03-26/everyone-s-a-loser-in-australia-s-lng-boom

Everyone’s a Loser in Australia’s LNG Boom

By David Fickling

March 26, 2017

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http://www.reuters.com/article/us-column-russell-lng-idUSKBN1AC0ML

Qatar’s LNG brownfield trumps Petronas’ greenfield hopes:

Russell

July 26, 2017

By Clyde Russell

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NOTEBasic first and second grade math skills is all that is needed to understand why this is not a good idea.   

https://www.bloomberg.com/gadfly/articles/2017-07-24/australia-s-cure-for-gas-could-be-worse-than-the-disease

Australia’s LNG Own Goal

By David Fickling

July 24, 2017

Australia has made such a mess of its energy policy in recent years that it’s tempting to think nothing could make the situation worse. Pessimists can take heart, though: Resources Minister Matt Canavan seems to have set out to prove we’re not at rock bottom yet.

The government will start a consultation process to determine if Australia faces a shortfall of natural gas in 2018, Canavan said Monday — potentially triggering export curbs to ensure more is consumed at home.

In theory, that could create a temporary glut and push down prices, which have surged from as little 58 Australian cents (46 cents) a gigajoule in 2014 to A $12.64/GJ in February. In practice, the move threatens to exacerbate, not cure, gas-supply problems….

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http://www.npr.org/2017/07/17/536708576/natural-gas-building-boom-fuels-climate-worries-enrages-landowners

Natural Gas Building Boom Fuels Climate Worries, Enrages Landowners

Kristen Lombardi and Jamie Smith Hopkins

July 17, 2017

…In the 1990s, FERC posed this question: Was its pipeline-approval process working well? One company argued that the agency needed “to shift its focus away from command-and-control regulation towards policies that increasingly rely on market forces.”

That company was Enron. In 1999, its free-market views influenced FERC’s policy on how it would weigh projects. Years later, a New Jersey man fighting a pipeline that would run 167 feet from his daughter’s bedroom read the historical document with outrage and disbelief.

“You might have heard of Enron,” said Mike Spille, a software engineer trying to fend off the PennEast  project, planned in Pennsylvania and his state. “It was a big giant bubble company that exploded and lots of people went to jail. Companies like Enron are the ones that set this FERC policy, and it’s part of the reason why it’s so bad.”…

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https://thinkprogress.org/youth-climate-lawsuit-federal-court-pause-b88f3172b588/

Federal court temporarily pauses youth climate lawsuit

The decision comes after the Trump administration filed an extraordinarily rare petition for review.

Natasha Geiling

Jul 26, 2017

Latest on the Children’s Trust lawsuit:

https://www.ourchildrenstrust.org/

The fossil fuel industry initially intervened in the case as defendants, joining the U.S. government in trying to have the case dismissed. On April 8, 2016, U.S. Magistrate Judge Thomas Coffin recommended the denial of their motions to dismiss., and U.S. District Court Judge Ann Aiken upheld Judge Coffin’s recommendation, with the issuance of an historic  November 10, 2016 opinion and order that denied the motions. When the defendants sought an interlocutory appeal of that order, Judge Aiken denied the Trump administration’s motions on June 8, 2017. The following day, the Trump administration filed a petition for “writ of mandamus” to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, seeking, again, to avert a trial.

On June 28, 2017, Judge Coffin issued an order releasing the fossil fuel industry defendants from the case, and setting a trial date for February 5, 2018 before Judge Aiken at the U.S. District Court of Oregon in Eugene. Youth plaintiffs, now age 9 to 21, and their attorneys were preparing for trial when the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals temporarily halted the climate lawsuit against the Trump administration following the administration’s petition for a rare review of the district court’s decision to allow the case to move forward.

NOTE: And just how hot does it have to get before our leaders get it concerning Climate Change?

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/06/world/europe/europe-heat-wave.html

Europe Swelters Under a Heat Wave Called ‘Lucifer’

By The New York Times

Aug. 6, 2017

https://www.wunderground.com/news/record-heat-west-early-august-2017

Western Heat Wave Breaks Record Highs in Oregon and Washington

Jonathan Belles

Published: August 4, 2017

https://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2017/08/02/northwest-heat-wave-record-high-temperatures-possible/532476001/

Portland could hit 109 degrees this week, breaking all-time record

Doyle Rice, USA TODAY

Published 11:39 a.m. ET Aug. 2, 2017

http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/phoenix-weather/2017/07/07/phoenix-ties-112-year-old-heat-record/460738001/

Phoenix breaks 112-year-old heat record

Weldon B. Johnson, The Republic

Published July 7, 2017

https://la.curbed.com/2017/7/6/15929518/forecast-temperatures-heat-wave-record-downtown

131-year-old heat record shattered in Downtown LA

The old record was set in 1886

By Bianca Barragan And Jenna Chandler

July 8, 2017

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2017/06/29/iran-city-soars-to-record-of-129-degrees-near-hottest-ever-reliably-measured-on-earth/

Iranian city soars to record 129 degrees: Near hottest on Earth in modern measurements

By Jason Samenow

June 29, 2017

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THAT’S ALL, FOLKS!